Bed sores, also known as pressure ulcers, pressure sores or decubitus ulcers are skin lesions which can be caused for many reasons. Any part of the body may be affected; bony or cartilaginous areas, such as the elbows, knees and ankles are the typically the most affected.
If discovered early, bed sores are treatable. However, they may sometimes be fatal. Bed sores develop when the skin and the tissue below it becomes damaged. In severe bedsore cases, the muscle and bone may become damaged also. Pressure ulcers are more common amongst patients who are unable to move due to paralysis, illness or old age.
Any person who cannot change position without help can develop bedsores. The bedsores can develop and progress rapidly and are frequently difficult to heal. However, with proper preventive measures, the skin’s integrity can more easily be maintained, resulting in better healing of bedsores.